Dr Rekha Prabhu

Understanding and Managing Common Pregnancy Complications

Catagory: Gynaecology & Obstetricts    Author: Dr Rekha Prabhu

The journey of pregnancy, a time of anticipation and joy, can also present challenges as expectant mothers navigate a myriad of potential complications. I delve into the complexities of common pregnancy complications, unraveling their causes and exploring the treatments that guide mothers toward a healthy and resilient pregnancy.

Gestational Diabetes:

Explore the factors contributing to gestational diabetes, including hormonal changes and insulin resistance.

Discuss dietary management, regular monitoring, and potential medication options to control blood sugar levels and ensure a healthy pregnancy.


Shed light on the risk factors associated with preeclampsia, such as hypertension and pre-existing medical conditions.

Discuss monitoring protocols, lifestyle modifications, and, in severe cases, medical interventions to manage preeclampsia and safeguard both mother and baby.

Preterm Labor:

Examine the factors that may lead to preterm labor, including multiple pregnancies, infections, and certain maternal health conditions.

Discuss preventive measures, such as prenatal care, lifestyle adjustments, and medical interventions to delay or prevent preterm birth.

Placenta Previa:

Explain the causes and types of placenta previa, a condition where the placenta covers part or all of the cervix.

Explore monitoring strategies and potential interventions, including bed rest and cesarean section, to manage placenta previa and ensure a safe delivery.


Address the emotional and physical aspects of miscarriage, exploring common causes such as chromosomal abnormalities and maternal age.

Discuss supportive care, counseling, and medical interventions to manage miscarriage and provide emotional support to expectant parents.

Gestational Hypertension:

Explore the risk factors and causes of gestational hypertension, a condition characterized by high blood pressure during pregnancy.

Discuss lifestyle modifications, regular monitoring, and potential medications to manage gestational hypertension and prevent complications.

Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR):

Delve into the factors contributing to IUGR, including placental issues, maternal health conditions, and genetic factors.

Discuss monitoring protocols, nutritional interventions, and potential medical treatments to optimize fetal growth and development.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum:

Examine the causes of severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy, known as hyperemesis gravidarum.

Discuss strategies for managing symptoms, including dietary modifications, medications, and supportive care to ensure adequate nutrition for both mother and baby.


In the intricate journey of pregnancy, knowledge and awareness are powerful allies. By understanding the causes and treatments of common pregnancy complications, expectant mothers, along with their healthcare providers, can work collaboratively to navigate potential challenges and pave the way for a healthier and more resilient pregnancy.

Through education, support, and proactive healthcare, we can empower mothers to embrace their pregnancies with confidence, ensuring the best possible outcomes for both mother and child.