Dr Rekha Prabhu

Common Gynecological Issues and When to See a Specialist in Vijayawada: Insights

Catagory: Gynaecology & Obstetricts    Author: Dr Rekha Prabhu

Gynecological health is a crucial aspect of overall well-being for women. Understanding common gynecological issues and knowing when to seek specialized care can significantly impact a woman’s health and quality of life. Dr. Rekha Prabhu, a renowned gynecologist in Vijayawada, provides expert insights into recognizing and addressing these issues.

1. Menstrual Disorders

a. Irregular Periods
– Irregular menstrual cycles can result from hormonal imbalances, stress, or underlying medical conditions. Tracking your menstrual cycle and noting any changes can help identify patterns.

b. Heavy Menstrual Bleeding (Menorrhagia)
– Excessive bleeding during periods may indicate conditions like fibroids, polyps, or hormonal imbalances. If heavy bleeding interferes with daily activities, it’s essential to consult a specialist.

c. Painful Periods (Dysmenorrhea)
– Severe menstrual cramps can be a sign of endometriosis or other underlying conditions. Persistent pain that doesn’t improve with over-the-counter pain relievers warrants medical attention.

2. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a common hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age. Symptoms include irregular periods, excessive hair growth, acne, and weight gain. Early diagnosis and management by a gynecologist can help mitigate the long-term health effects of PCOS, such as diabetes and heart disease.

3. Endometriosis

Endometriosis occurs when tissue similar to the lining inside the uterus grows outside of it, causing pain and potentially affecting fertility. Symptoms include severe menstrual cramps, pain during intercourse, and chronic pelvic pain. Consulting a specialist can lead to effective treatment options, such as medication or surgery.

4. Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths in the uterus that can cause heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and reproductive issues. Regular check-ups and imaging tests can help monitor fibroid growth and determine the need for treatment, which may include medication or surgical intervention.

5. Vaginal Infections

a. Yeast Infections
– Symptoms include itching, burning, and a thick, white discharge. Over-the-counter treatments are available, but recurrent infections may require a gynecologist’s evaluation.

b. Bacterial Vaginosis
– This condition causes a fishy odor and grayish discharge. It requires prescription antibiotics for treatment and recurrence management.

6. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

PID is an infection of the reproductive organs often caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Symptoms include pelvic pain, fever, and unusual discharge. Early treatment with antibiotics is crucial to prevent complications like infertility.

7. Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop on the ovaries. While many cysts are harmless and resolve on their own, larger cysts can cause pain and other symptoms. Regular monitoring and, in some cases, surgical removal may be necessary.

8. Menopause and Perimenopause

The transition to menopause can bring various symptoms, such as hot flashes, mood swings, and irregular periods. A gynecologist can provide guidance on managing these symptoms and improving quality of life during this phase.

9. Sexual Health Issues

a. Low Libido
– A decrease in sexual desire can result from hormonal changes, stress, or medical conditions. Addressing these issues with a gynecologist can help identify underlying causes and effective treatments.

b. Painful Intercourse
– Pain during sex can be due to infections, hormonal changes, or conditions like endometriosis. A specialist can offer solutions to alleviate discomfort and improve sexual health.

10. Fertility Concerns

a. Difficulty Conceiving
– Couples facing challenges in conceiving should seek a gynecologist’s advice. Evaluating both partners’ health and exploring treatment options, such as medication or assisted reproductive technologies, can improve chances of conception.

b. Recurrent Miscarriages
– Multiple miscarriages can be devastating. A gynecologist can perform tests to identify potential causes and suggest treatment plans to support a healthy pregnancy.

11. Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence, or the involuntary leakage of urine, can affect women of all ages. It often results from weakened pelvic floor muscles, childbirth, or menopause. Treatments range from lifestyle changes and pelvic floor exercises to medication and surgery.

12. Gynecological Cancers

a. Cervical Cancer
– Regular Pap smears and HPV vaccinations are crucial for early detection and prevention. Symptoms include abnormal bleeding and pelvic pain.

b. Ovarian Cancer
– Early symptoms are often vague, such as bloating and abdominal discomfort. Regular check-ups and awareness of family history are vital for early detection.

c. Uterine Cancer
– Symptoms include abnormal bleeding and pelvic pain. Early diagnosis through regular gynecological exams can improve treatment outcomes.


Recognizing common gynecological issues and understanding when to seek specialized care can significantly enhance women’s health and well-being. Dr. Rekha Prabhu, a leading gynecologist in Vijayawada, emphasizes the importance of regular check-ups, early detection, and proactive management of gynecological health. Don’t hesitate to consult a specialist if you experience any concerning symptoms or changes in your reproductive health.