Dr Rekha Prabhu

How to Determine Whether You Can't Conceive?

Catagory: Gynaecology    Author: Dr Rekha Prabhu


Due to infertility, women often struggle to conceive. An effort to get pregnant for at least a year without success is referred to as infertility. Millions of couples struggle with male, female, or a mix of these two infertility issues. Typically, 10 to 18% of couples struggle to conceive or deliver a healthy baby. 


Why is infertility a problem? 


There are numerous possible reasons for infertility. You may learn more about the reasons for your problems by seeing a specialist who specialises in infertility. They also recommend the best course of action for you. Unexplained infertility is the term used when there is no recognised explanation for infertility. Although undiagnosed infertility might be upsetting, there are still treatments you can attempt. 


Typical causes of infertility in women 

  • Obstacles to ovulation 
  • Poor quality eggs 
  • Fiberomas in the Uterus 
  • Fallopian tube obstruction
  • Endometriosis 
  • Common Causes of Male Infertility 
  • Untreated gonorrhea 
  • Sperm count is low 
  • Incorrect sperm development 
  • No sperm in the semen 

What increases the risk of infertility? 

  • Excessive drug and alcohol consumption. 
  • Testicles or scrotum damage 
  • A lot of smoking 
  • Chemotherapy 
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease history 

Important symptoms to look out for if you might have a fertility issue 


Early indications of infertility are always a possibility. Additionally, a number of risk factors reduce your chances of becoming pregnant. Here are a few of the warning signals and hazards we’re referring to. 


1) Improper menstrual cycles 


Period irregularity may be normal when menstruation first starts. The body needs time to get regulated as well. Once you’ve passed the adolescent years, however, your periods should become regular. If not, your cycle might be a sign of infertility, or it could be a sign that you are ovulating. 


2) Period pain and bleeding


Bleeding during your period, which lasts for three to seven days, is considered typical. However,  whether the bleeding is really light or extremely heavy and serious, you should visit a doctor. 


Specific signs and symptoms of the period that point to a reproductive problem include: 


  • Intermenstrual spotting that is uneven 
  • Severe and agonising menstrual cramps 
  • alterations in the number of bleeding days 
  • A lot of blood, If you’re older, 

Once you are 35, your fertility rates start to decline. Both men and women experience this. In actuality, the chance of infertility in women peaks around age 35 and rises thereafter. A 30-year-old  woman has a 20% chance of becoming pregnant in any given month. A woman over 40 has a 5%  probability of becoming pregnant. A miscarriage is also more likely to occur in women over 35. 


Male fertility is impacted by age, just as it is for females. According to research, bearing children is less likely if your sperm is of poor quality. There is an increase in sperm with DNA damage.  Congenital diseases and the transfer of genetic illnesses may also contribute to infertility. 


3) Dimension 


Your fertility is greatly influenced by your weight. Being overweight or underweight might make it difficult to become pregnant. Furthermore, one of the most prevalent preventable causes of subfertility may be obesity. 


Men with a BMI of under 20 have been reported to have reduced sperm counts and production.  Additionally, testosterone levels and sperm counts are lower in obese men. 


If you are having trouble losing extra weight, consult your doctor. Many hormonal infertility factors can result in weight-related issues. For instance, PCOS in women increases the risk of becoming obese and can lead to infertility. 


4) Rate of miscarriages 


A woman who often miscarries can also need assistance conceiving. In relation to the way we live today, miscarriage is getting more and more prevalent. It happens in  10 to 20% of pregnancies. A small percentage of women experience three consecutive miscarriages.  If you’ve had two consecutive miscarriages, consult your doctor. 


Important ideas to keep in mind 


To increase fertility, women should follow the advice listed below: 


1) Quit smoking

Smoking during pregnancy has a number of harmful impacts, mainly on the health of the baby. If you’re worried about raising a family and you smoke, stop right away.


2) Avoid drinking alcohol

Lower fertility may be the result of heavy alcohol use. And drinking will harm the health of the growing fetus in any case. A pregnant woman should abstain from drinking. 


3) Don’t overstress yourself

Numerous studies have demonstrated that infertility treatments are less successful for couples who are under psychological stress. If at all possible, find a way to calm down before trying for a baby. 


4) Maintain a healthy body weight 

Women who are overweight or underweight have a higher chance of developing ovulation issues. If you want to lose weight and become pregnant with a cute little loved one, you must include exercise in your everyday routine. 


In conclusion

You should speak with your doctor as soon as possible if you are experiencing infertility problems. In  order for her to properly diagnose you and start treating you right away, she will do several infertility tests.